During the Islamic empire, there were many famous mathematicians. Some of them were Abu Kamil, Omar Khayyam, Al-Khwarizmi, and Thabit ibn Qurrah. Each of them contributed a great deal to the development of the Islamic mathematics.

## Al-Khwarizmi

During the Islamic Golden Age, Muslim scholars made significant contributions to mathematics. They also pioneered a new understanding of astronomy and optics. In this period, Baghdad became a thriving city. The city housed an academy of arts and sciences and an observatory. This led to a new era of scientific creativity. It also facilitated the translation of mathematical works from Indian, Greek, and Persian manuscripts.

Al-Khwarizmi was one of the most significant mathematical minds of the time. He created a new branch of mathematics, algebra. He wrote the earliest works on algebra and arithmetic. Al-Khwarizmi also contributed to the construction of sundials. His astronomical tables were based on Greek and Hindu sources. He also supervised the work of 70 geographers to compile a map of the known world. The maps he compiled were more accurate in the Muslim world than those of Ptolemy. Al-Khwarizmi’s astronomical tables include a table of sines for a circle whose radius is 150 units. He also defined square as x2.

Al-Khwarizmi is regarded as the most important mathematician of all time. He was a Persian Shi’a Muslim. He was born around 780 to 850. He lived in Baghdad, the capital of the Islamic Empire. He worked at the House of Wisdom, an academy of science. He wrote several important treatises. His algebra book, Kitab al-jabr w’al-muqabala, is considered the earliest algebra book in the Arabic language.

## Abu Kamil

During the Islamic Golden Age, Egyptian mathematician Abu Kamil was active in the development of algebra. Abu Kamil was also the first mathematician to accept irrational numbers as coefficients. His works on algebra had similarities to those of Fibonacci.

The book of Abu Kamil is considered an essential contribution to the development of algebra. Abu Kamil’s book explains the methods used to solve numerical problems involving geometric figures and circles. He also explains how to calculate the area of a solid figure or a segment of a circle.

Abu Kamil’s algebra book was written to help land surveyors. His book also includes a section on calculating the side of a regular polygon. His work was influential to Fibonacci, who used his mathematical techniques in his own work.

The early seventh century was a time of interest in astronomical astrology and military engineering. There was also a great deal of interest in the written works of scholarly medicine. During this time, the Caliph sent his scholars to search for lost Greek wisdom.

Al-Mamun, the first Caliph, ruled Baghdad. He was a patron of learning, and his “House of Wisdom” was responsible for translating Greek scientific manuscripts into Arabic. This is where Al-Khwarizmi studied. Al-Khwarizmi was a mathematician and astronomer. His works include the oldest arithmetic books. He also translated Archimedes.

He was also a mathematician who worked on the quadratic equations with irrational coefficients. His work provided the basis for Fibonacci’s algebra books.

## Thabit ibn Qurrah

During the Middle Ages, Islamic mathematics flourished over a large region from Spain to India. This was a golden age of Islamic mathematics, which lasted from the eighth to the twelfth century. Islamic mathematics was a unique and influential part of Islamic civilization, as well as an important contribution to Western civilization.

The mathematical culture of Islamic civilization has been preserved by a number of major figures. Thabit ibn Qurrah, Abu Kamil Shuja’ and Al-Khwarizmi are three of the most prominent.

Thabit ibn Qurrah, an astronomer and court physician, was one of the first mathematicians to apply arithmetic operations to geometric quantities. He also developed a beautiful rule for finding amicable numbers. His work was highly influential on the development of Islamic mathematics. Thabit ibn Qurrah was a trilingual mathematician who translated many Greek texts into Arabic.

Al-Khwarizmi, one of the most influential mathematicians at the House of Wisdom, is known for his work on algebra. He wrote the first book on algebra in Arabic. His work was also influential in the development of algebra. His work served as a model for later writers. Al-Khwarizmi’s work was translated into Latin in the 12th century. He also developed the theory of binomial expansion.

Abu Kamil Shuja’, a mathematician, wrote a number of books on geometry. His books were a great influence on Islamic mathematics. He solved problems such as those in Fibonacci and created a general geometric solution for the cubic equation.

## Omar Khayyam

During the Middle Ages, mathematica in the Islamic empire was greatly influenced by the work of Greek mathematicians. In particular, geometry played a central role in Islamic mathematics. In the eleventh and twelfth centuries, algebra was developed. It is said that al-Khwarizmi was a direct contributor to the development of algebra.

One of the most important Islamic mathematicians was Omar Khayyam. He was born in the district of Shadyakh in Nayshabur in Khorasan. He was an outstanding mathematician and poet. He lived during the time of the Seljuk dynasty.

Omar Khayyam’s work played a major role in the development of algebra, and his work bridged the gap between geometrical methods of the Greeks and algebraic methods of solving problems. He also devised accurate calendars that are still in use in Greater Iran. He discovered a method for calculating the time of the sun’s revolution using cubic equations. He also developed a method of extracting high degree roots from these equations. He compiled astronomical tables and a Jalali Calendar. He also contributed to the reformation of the Islamic Calendar.

Omar Khayyam wrote many mathematical and astronomical treatises. He also wrote a treatise on the knowledge of universal principles of existence. He may have also studied Zoroastrian precepts. He might have learned these precepts from his father, Bahmanyar.

Khayyam’s works have been translated into the English language. Edward FitzGerald translated the Rubaiyat into English in 1859.

## Al-Jabr

During the Islamic empire, the study of mathematics focused on algebra and arithmetic algorithms. Muslim scholars developed geometrical algebra, quadratic equations, and a step-by-step method for solving problems. These advances gave algebra a firm foundation in Islamic culture.

Al-Khwarizmi is regarded as the father of algebra. He was a mathematician and astronomer who worked at the House of Wisdom in Baghdad. He wrote more than half a dozen mathematical and astronomical works. He also produced a major work on geography. His book was titled al-Kitab al-Jabr wal-Muqabala. He studied trigonometry and astronomy, as well as arithmetic. He wrote the book in the ninth century, and it was later translated into Latin. Al-Khwarizmi was a patron of Al-Mamun, the pharaoh of Egypt.

Al-Khwarizmi’s most famous work was the Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing. This work gave al-jabr its name. Al-jabr was derived from the Arabic word al-jabr, which means to transpose. Al-jabr is also a word that means to add numbers to an equation. Al-Khwarizmi introduced a more abstract concept of number, which became essential for creating an abstract equation.

In the Islamic empire, many scientists served as advisers to the caliph. Some of them may have had an extension of their position as court astrologers. Others were employed as political advisers. This period in the Islamic empire saw an influx of mathematical and scientific works. The translation of Greek and Persian works into Arabic and translations of European works into Arabic were important contributors to the world stage.

## Al-Muqabala

During the Islamic empire, many mathematicians contributed to the advancement of mathematical science. In particular, Muslim mathematicians invented geometrical algebra. They also formulated theorems accurately and solved equations in Euclid’s style. The results of Islamic mathematics were invaluable and had a major influence on the development of mathematics in the West.

Islamic scholars pushed the limits of scientific knowledge. They translated important Greek mathematical books and other scientific manuscripts from Greece and India. They also developed a new branch of mathematics: algebra. Arabic numerals were used in Islamic numeration. They also adapted the Indian numeral system, and introduced decimal fractions. They developed detailed trigonometric tables.

Islamic scholars also translated Indian mathematical manuscripts and scholarly works from Greek and Sanskrit. They also preserved important scientific works. This led to a new era of scientific creativity in the Islamic empire.

Islamic mathematics emphasized the use of simultaneous manipulation of magnitudes of different dimensions. This was in contrast to the traditional systems, which used Roman numerals. Muslim mathematicians developed algebra, geometrical algebra, and decimal fractions. Islamic scholars compiled and analyzed great mathematical works.

Al-Khwarizmi was an important mathematician. He wrote several treatises. His book Algorithmi de numero indorum is a text on arithmetic. His work on algebra was translated into Latin in 1145. He also wrote a dissertation on mathematics. He was considered a member of the Baghdad Institute of Science. He later became the director of the institute.

Titulo principal: Mathematica in the Islamic Empire